Primitive Tribal in Andaman

The Great Andamanese: The Great Andamanese peoples are collectively distinguished from other indigenous Andamanese groups by culture, geography and language. The peoples that originally lived in the southern part of Great Andaman - some areas of South Andaman Island and Rutland Island - as well as Little Andaman Island and North Sentinel Island, speak languages which are classified in a separate family of Andamanese languages, Ongan. The Administration of Andaman provides them semi-pucca wooden houses with corrugated tin roofs. They consume rice, wheat roti, pulse soup, venison and fish. Sometimes, they go in for hunting and gathering. Certain people cultivate vegetables. Recently, they have created poultry farms.

ONGE:Onges are one of the most primitive tribes in India. The Onges are inhabiting the Little Andaman Island. Coconut plantation has been raised for the benefit of Onges Medical care, free ration etc. are being provided at these two Settlement by the Administration. Onges go for hunting and fishing occasionally . They are the semi-nomadic tribes and fully dependent on the food provided by nature. They have now experienced the impact of outsiders. At the same time efforts at befriending them have proved to be successful. They have been provided with pucca hut type houses, food, clothes, medicines, etc by the Administration. They eat turtle, fish, roots and jack frutis and etc. They have developed artistry and craft.

JARAWAS: The Jarawa are one of the indigenous peoples of the Andaman Islands. Their present numbers are estimated at between 250-350 individuals. Along with other indigenous Andamanese peoples they have inhabited the islands for at least several thousand years, and most likely a great deal longer. The Andaman Islands have been known to outsiders since antiquity; however, until quite recent times they were infrequently visited, and such contacts were predominantly sporadic and temporary. For the greater portion of their history their only significant contact has been with other Andamanese groups; the experience of such a lengthy period of isolation almost completely lacking in external cultural influences can at most be equalled by only very few other peoples in the world, if at all. They are noted for vigorously maintaining their independence and distance from external groups, actively discouraging most incursions and attempts at contact. The Jarawas are inhabiting presently the Western coast of Middle Andaman and South Andaman Islands. They are hostile and, at times, raid the other areas where the Bengali and other people have been settled by the Government. Jarawas continue to be hunting and gathering nomadic tribe. They hunt wild pig, monitor lizard with bows and arrows. Tips of the arrow is made of Iron which they get from the sea shore. The iron pieces are available coasts as a drift material. Men fish with bows and arrows in the coastal waters while women catch fish with basket. They do build temporary huts in their camps. They use crude rafts to cross creeks and streams.

SENTENELESE: The Sentinelese tribe inhabits the small North Sentinel Island. Sentinelese are the hunting, fishing and gathering tribe. They fish in the coastal waters with bows and arrows and hunt wild pigs available on North Sentinel island. Sentinelese have dug - out Canoe which they use to move in the shallow coastal waters. Sentinelese also build temporary huts in their camps. Sentinelese, both men and women, are naked. They are noted for vigorously maintaining their independence and sovereignty over the island, and resisting attempts of contact by outsiders. By their long-standing separation from any other human society they are among the most isolated and unassimilated peoples on Earth, their social practices being almost entirely free of any recorded external influence. The Sentinelese are the inhabitants of North Sentinel Island. The Sentinelese are very hostile and never leave their Island. Very little is known about these hostile tribes.

SHOMPENS:The Shompen are the indigenous people of the interior of Great Nicobar island, part of the Indian union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. They practice a hunter-gatherer subsistence economy. The Shompen are of Mongoloid descent. Being isolated from civilization for so long, their attire consisted of minimal clothing. While traditional attire includes clothing below the waist only, many people are wearing modern clothes, due to influence from Mainland India. They are very shy. They are quite intimate with the Nicobarese and of the major group of Shompens, the hostile Shompens are living in Alexendra and Galathia river areas and also on the east coast of the area in the interior of the Island.